In non-dual consciousness approaches, consciousness is defined as the ground substance out of which all phenomena occur. The experience of consciousness is differentiated and delimited by ‘structures of consciousness’.  Structures are organizations of consciousness into forms. Consciousness is thus experienced in varying degrees of directness, completeness, and intensity via varying structures of consciousness. The more differentiated and delimited the structure is from pure direct complete consciousness, the less ‘conscious’ the experience is.  ‘Consciousness work’ involves practices which direct one’s attention to consciousness itself for the purpose of actualizing and/or realizing consciousness as an ontological reality.


Models of Consciousness

Integral Theory: Ken Wilber article

An Overview of Developmental Stages of Consciousness pdf

Evolution of Consciousness According to Jean Gebser: Ulrich J. Mohrhoff article

The Spirit of Logotherapy: Stephen J Costello article

A Mini-Course in Spiral Dynamics article

An Ontological Model of Development: William S. Schmidt article

The Ego and the Dynamic Ground: Michael Washburn book


Journey of Consciousness

Journey Into Consciousness, The Chakras, Tantra, and Jungian Psychology book


Consciousness vs Ego

The Primacy of the Body, not the Primacy of Perception: E.T. Gendlin pdf


An Analogical Model of Awareness, Consciousness, and Ego pdf

Consciousness and Cognition by Michael Thau book

Mind Over Matter: Volition and the Cosmic Connection in Yogic Theory: Elmer E. Green, Ph.D. article

Consciousness Structures 

Consciousness Structures page


The Inner World of Trauma: Archetypal Defenses of the Personal Spirit: Donald Kalsched book

Healing Developmental Trauma: How Early Trauma Affects Self Regulation, Self-Image, and the Capacity for Relationship: Aline LaPierre and Laurence Heller book


Trauma and Recovery: Judith Lewis Herman M.D. book

The Dissociation of Lived Experience: A Relational Psychoanalytic Analysis of the Intergenerational Transmission of Trauma:  Bruce Bradfield M.A.  article


Nondual Awakening pdf


Modes of Attention pdf

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